Treatments to
live better

Treatments to
live better

Cornea

Cornea department is in charge of treating all the pathologies of the Cornea such as Keratoconus, Blepharitis, Pterygium, Corneal Dystrophies, Cornea Guttata and FUCHS Dystrophy.

Keratoconus

It is a thinning corneal disorder in which the normal spherical shape is distorted and the cornea adopts the shape of a cone, resulting in visual impairment.

Treatment
Blepharitis

Inflammation of the tissue that forms the eyelid, which causes eyelid redness and swelling. Its origin is often due to a malfunction of the small glands that are in the eyelid margin.

Pterygium

Among the most frequent pathologies of the eye surface we find the pterygium and its minor variant, the pinguecula. They are growths in the eye surface from the conjunctiva, produced by the effect of ultraviolet rays (UVB) that can cause irritation and alterations in vision.

Corneal Dystrophies

Corneal dystrophies are a group of relatively rare genetic eye disorders, characterized by abnormal material that accumulates in the cornea with some frequency. This material may cause loss of corneal transparency, loss of vision or blurred vision.

FUCHS dystrophy and Guttata

Fuchs dystrophy reduces the number of specific cells that form the inner layer of the cornea, called endothelial cells. These cells are key to the water out flow that forms the structure of the cornea cells. When the endothelial cells are reduced, there is no adequate water out flow and the fluid begins to accumulate. The corneal tissue becomes thicker, causing the cornea to swell and cloud, and lose its crystalline transparency.

Treatment

Retina

The department is in charge of attending to all the pathologies that affect the retina such as: Retinal detachment, Diabetic Retinopathy, Age-related Macular Degeneration (Dry and Wet), Macular Edema, Pigmentary Retinosis.

Retinal detachment

It is a medical emergency that requires immediate surgical treatment to preserve vision. In retinal detachment, it retina separates from the underlying choroid - a thin layer of blood vessels - that supplies oxygen and nutrients to the retina.

Treatment
Diabetic Retinopathy

At first, diabetic retinopathy may not cause symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, however, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness being one of the leading causes in developed countries. Diabetic retinopathy can develop in anyone who has type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes.

Treatment
Dry Macular Degeneration

Disease that affects people over 50 years causing a loss of vision due to the presence of macula lesions in the central area of ​​the retina.

Wet Macular Degeneration

Disease that affects people over 50 years causing a loss of vision due to the presence of lesions in the macula (the central area of ​​the retina).

Treatment
Macular Edema

Frequent pathology that affects the central area of ​​the retina, called the macula. The macula allows you to enjoy a clear central vision, distinguish details, read and recognize, for example, people's faces. Macular edema consists of an abnormal accumulation of fluid that leads to an expansion and thickening of the intracellular and extracellular space of the macula due to an alteration in the permeability of the capillaries that irrigate it.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Many genes can cause it, with 50% of cases, family history of blindness or serious loss of visual function. Retinitis pigmentosa appears silently and slowly. The age of onset is very varied, usually developing between 25-40 years.

Myodesopsias

The vision of mobile floating bodies in the form of points, threads or other forms moving through the visual field is one of the most frequent motives for consulting an ophthalmologist.

Childhood and adolescence

Department that takes care of patients from 0 to 17 years, such as Strabismus, Congenital cataract, Myopia, Hypermetropia, Retinopathy of prematurity.

Checkpoint

Vision problems in children are often unnoticed because they are not yet able to distinguish what is normal from what means a loss in visual acuity, assuming their vision is normal, as it has always been like that. This is why it is important that children have adequate ophthalmological care with periodic professional evaluations from an early age.

Amblyopia

Newborn children can only distinguish objects as lumps; vision improves during the first month of life when the baby manages to focus the light and at three months, when they manage to follow the objects that move in front of them. In the early stage of childhood the vision continues to develop as the eye grows. However, if the eyes do not develop at full capacity, visual ability decreases. After 7 years, the evolution of the visual system tends to complete and visual defects that have not been resolved until then (after 9 to 10 years of age) can no longer be improved, a condition called amblyopia.

Treatment

The ophthalmologist seeks to diagnose and correct, first, the cause of amblyopia; Then he will treat it with the help of the child, who must try to use his “lazy” eye covering the eye with good vision with a patch during the day, and at certain times, for weeks or months.

Glaucoma

This department is responsible for treating Glaucoma, which occurs when pressure is present inside the eye and rises above normal levels. Although there are many causes, the most common one is due to an obstruction of drainage of aqueous humour: the liquid that is inside the eye and gives it its tonicity.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma can affect people of all ages, from babies to older adults. Although we are all at risk, being over 60 years old, having relatives presenting glaucoma, being an African descendant, having diabetes, using steroids for a long time and presenting high levels of intraocular pressure are all factors that increase ther risk of developing glaucoma.

Treatment
Symptoms

Glaucoma is often present in both eyes, but usually intraocular pressure begins to accumulate first in one. This damage can cause gradual changes in vision and, subsequently, loss of vision. Often, peripheral (lateral) vision is affected first, so initially the change in your vision is usually small and you don't notice it. Over time, your central vision will also begin to lose.

It is important to mention that there are no annoying or painful symptoms. In less frequent varieties of glaucoma the symptoms may be more severe, and includes the following: - Blurred vision - Eye and headache - Nausea and vomiting - The appearance of rainbow colored halos around bright lights - Sudden loss of view.

Optic nerve

It is a structure composed of millions of nerve fibers that go from the retina (where the image is formed) to the brain achieving the connection between both structures so that the image that the eye receives can be received by the brain and thus allow visual perception .

Diagnosis

Your ophthalmologist will perform the following exams during a comprehensive glaucoma evaluation: - Measurement of eye pressure (tonometry) Inspection of the eye drainage angle (gonioscopy) - Inspection of the optic nerve (ophthalmoscopy, OCT tomography of the optic nerve) - Test of lateral or peripheral vision (visual field test) - Corneal thickness measurement (pachymetry)

Dry Eye

The term "dry eye" is applied to define those circumstances in which there is a poor lubrication of the eye that affects the ocular surface: eyelids, tear film, conjunctiva and cornea. The term includes both situations of low tear, poor quality, and excessive evaporation of it.

What is dry eye?

The term "dry eye" is applied to define those circumstances in which there is a poor lubrication of the eye that affects the ocular surface: eyelids, tear film, conjunctiva and cornea. The term includes both situations of low tear, poor quality, and excessive evaporation of it.

Treatment
Symptoms

The symptoms that a person with a dry eye can perceive are very diverse, among which we can mention eye redness, burning, irritation, sandy sensation, eye fatigue, blurred vision, discomfort with contact lenses and, even if it sounds paradoxical, tearing , since the eye causes a reflex secretion before an irritation.

Causes of Dry Eye

Poor quality of tears or decreased tear production. Women are more likely to develop dry eye for hormonal reasons linked to menopause and the use of oral contraceptives. The environment has a strong impact to feel this discomfort, such as spaces with a lot of heat or excessively refrigerated, closed places, cigarette smoke, smog, dry weather, areas with a lot of sun, or a lot of wind, Environmental pollution, and not blinking on a regular basis, constitute harmful conditions that deteriorate the quality of our tears. The intake of certain medications, as there are drugs that decrease the body's natural ability to produce tears. The use of contact lenses for years, or many hours a day. Some associated diseases, such as Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sjögren's Syndrome, Rosacea or Blepharitis, or anatomical abnormalities of the eyelids.

Diagnosis

The ophthalmologist, through good interrogation and specific tests, can diagnose dry eye syndrome by using tests to measure the production and quality of tears. A test called a Schirmer test requires the placement of a paper strip filter under the lower eyelid to measure the rate of tear production. Another way in which your ophthalmologist can diagnose dry eye is by using special drops of dye in the eye to assess the tear film tear time and certain colour patterns that show any damage to the surface of the cornea. You can also perform osmolarity test of the tear where the concentration of salts is measured. In addition there are equipment of high technological complexity, through which you can measure the optical quality with tear dysfunction patterns and the anatomical study of the meibomian glands, using infrared photos.